Jacques-Yves Cousteau


The legendary Captain Jacques Cousteau was a pioneering explorer of the seas and of the issues that face us today. He was a French naval officer, explorer, ecologist, filmmaker, activist, innovator, inventor, author, scientific collaborator, and member of the French Academy. He co-invented the Aqualung, started a marine conservation movement and created a legacy of passion for the ocean that continues today through his family and the millions of people influenced by his work.

A few of his many accomplishments include:

  • Pioneering the use of waterproof housings for movie cameras.
  • Developing the first SCUBA (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus) regulator.
  • Building the first undersea habitats and underwater submersibles for scientific research.
  • Converted the Calypso to an oceanographic vessel dedicated to exploring the ocean for scientific purposes—which served him for 46 years.
  • Publishing his book The Silent World in 1953, and receiving an Academy Award in 1956 for Best Documentary for the film version of this book.
  • Published over 70 books related to his work.
  • Developing the first watertight 35mm still camera and the invention of self-righting underwater sleds for filming in deep water.
  • Launching a television series titled The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau that introduced hundreds of millions of people to the underwater world.
  • Creating The Cousteau Society and the Foundation Cousteau to mobilize public support for protecting the Earth’s resources.
  • Launching an ambitious effort to petition the United Nations to adopt a Bill of Rights for Future Generations.
  • Served as Director of the Musee Oceanographique De Monaco for over 30 years.
  • Recipient of countless, medals,  awards and honors related to his passion for exploration and environmentalism.